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Documents Required For Asylum in the UK

If you intend to seek asylum in the UK, it’s essential to understand the documents required to enable you to have a successful application.

For more information on asylum applications in the UK, including determining if you meet the eligibility criteria and the documents you need, speak to one of our expert immigration lawyers. Call us at 0121 667 6530 or contact us online today.

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    The Documents Required For Asylum in the UK

    As an asylum seeker, there are certain documents you need to provide for the Home Office to decide your case. These documents are required to prove your identity and your residency status, and they include:

    • Your valid passport and travel documents
    • Other identification documents such as identity cards or birth and marriage certificates.
    • Documents to prove your UK address if you’re already in the country.
    • Other documents that you think will help your application.
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    Requirements for Identification Documents

    You must provide sufficient documents to establish your identity, nationality, and recent travel history. Generally, a valid passport or international travel documents like a passport card and records of arrival and departure are the primary documents you’ll need.

    Other relevant identification documents that can prove who you are and strengthen your application include birth and marriage certificates and national identity cards. If you are a student, you can provide some relevant school records.

    If you do not have your passport or travel documents, you can still apply for asylum. However, you must explain why your documents are missing. For instance, if it was too dangerous to get or apply for your passport before leaving your country.

    Documents to Prove Your UK Address

    If you were already in the UK before applying for asylum, you must prove your residence. The evidence you should submit depends on whether you live on your own or with someone else.

    If you live in your own apartment, the documents you can provide include:

    • Your bank statement
    • Your housing benefit book
    • Your utility bills
    • Your council tax notice
    • Your tenancy agreement

    If you are staying with someone, you should provide:

    • A letter from them, not less than 3 months old, confirming that you have their permission to stay
    • A document that shows their full name and address, such as a tenancy agreement or utility bill.

    Other UK Asylum Requirements

    There are also some requirements and conditions you must meet to be granted asylum in the UK.

    First, you can’t apply for asylum from outside the UK. You must claim asylum immediately after you enter the UK or as soon as possible. If you wait too long, your application might be refused.

    Another important requirement is that you must prove you cannot return to your own country or receive protection from your government because you will be prosecuted for international human rights cases like your race, religion, or political opinion.

    Some documents that can strengthen your case include:

    • Arrest warrants
    • News and article reports
    • Documents of political affiliation, such as a membership card
    • Documents with information about the state of your country from reliable sources.

    Next, you must complete a questionnaire. The questions you should expect to answer include information about your background, why you can’t return to your country, how you entered the UK, and which countries you travelled through, among others.

    Asylum applications in the UK can be intricate and challenging. Connect with our expert immigration lawyers for invaluable assistance and expert guidance. Contact us

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      How To Claim Asylum In The UK


      Many asylum applications are denied because applicants fail to follow the right process while claiming asylum. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to go through the asylum application process.

      Register Your Asylum Claim

      The first step in claiming asylum is the registration of your asylum case. This process is called a ‘screening’, and it involves meeting with an immigration officer to tell them about your case.

      If you intend to claim asylum as soon as you enter the UK, you must report yourself to an immigration officer at the UK border and inform them. Your application will be registered, and you will be screened.

      If you are already in the UK on a visa and decide to apply for asylum, you must call the asylum intake unit at 0300 123 4193 to register your claim. They will ask you some questions regarding your application, and you must attend a screening interview at a physical centre.

      During your screening, whether at the UK border or the asylum intake office, you should expect the following:

      • You will have your photograph taken
      • Your fingerprints will be captured
      • The immigration officer will interview you about your background
      • You will be made to recount your experiences and why you need asylum from the UK government.
      • You may be asked questions about your medical history.

      If you do not have a place to stay, inform the authorities, and you will be provided with accommodation and other basic needs.

      Wait for an Initial Decision

      After your screening, the UK Home Office will review your case to decide if it can be considered in the UK.

      If your case cannot be considered in the UK, you will be sent to a safe country. This usually happens if you travelled through another safe country where you could have claimed asylum before coming to the UK or if you have ties to another country where you can claim asylum.

      If your case can be decided in the UK, it will be transferred to a caseworker. You may be required to fill out a questionnaire. Then, you will be issued an Asylum Registration Card (ARC), which you must always carry when attending subsequent interviews.

      Attend a Substantive Interview

      You may be required to attend one or more interviews with your caseworker to help them better understand and assess your situation. If your screening and questionnaire provided sufficient evidence, the Home Office might grant you international protection without an asylum interview.

      However, if you’re required to attend an interview, you must do so. You can also come along with a legal representative.

      Get a Decision

      If your application is successful, you will be granted refugee status or humanitarian protection status, depending on your circumstances. You’ll be granted permission to stay in the UK for up to five years. Afterward, you can apply for indefinite leave to remain.

      Passport Expired: What Are My Options?

      If your passport has expired, it’s crucial to disclose this when completing the asylum claim form in the UK. Meanwhile, you have the option to apply for an immigrant’s passport, which functions similarly to a regular passport but excludes your home country.

      You may qualify for a ‘limited leave endorsement’ if your passport is lost, stolen, damaged, or nearing expiration. This process involves transferring your leave endorsement to a biometric residence permit (BRP) through a ‘transfer of conditions’ application.

      BRPs serve as proof of identity and grant you the right to study in the UK, as well as access public services or benefits.

      What Happens After I Apply For Asylum?

      After applying for asylum, the Home Office will process your application as quickly as possible, but it may take longer if more interviews or document verification are needed, or if there are complex personal circumstances like criminal records or medical issues.

      If your asylum claim is approved, you’ll be recognised as a refugee, allowing you to stay in the UK for at least 5 years and access support like a refugee integration loan.

      If your claim is rejected, you’ll be asked to leave the UK, possibly after being detained at an immigration removal centre. You can appeal the decision and during the waiting period, you may qualify for asylum support, providing accommodation and financial aid.

      Our Asylum Lawyers Can Help You

      Although some asylum claims are rejected in the UK, you can have yours approved with the right guidance. At Birmingham Immigration Lawyers, our team of immigration experts can help you.

      We understand the complexity of the asylum claim process, and we will support you in every step of your application. We will guide you in filling out your questionnaire, preparing for your interview, and attending the interview with you where necessary.

      Your asylum application is a crucial step toward building a secure future, and we are dedicated to helping you navigate it successfully. Feel free to contact us at 0121 667 6530 to get started.

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                Frequently Asked Questions

                The Home Office’s goal is to make a decision within six months, but depending on the case’s complexity, it could take up to three years.

                The difficulty of the asylum process depends on individual circumstances. If you meet the criteria and provide sufficient supporting evidence, you can receive a decision easily.

                While it’s not mandatory to have a lawyer to apply for asylum in the UK, an immigration lawyer can provide you with legal guidance and make the process smoother.

                During the asylum interview, it’s crucial to provide detailed information about your identity, background, and the reasons behind your asylum claim. This includes elaborating on the circumstances in your home country that have led you to seek refuge in the UK, such as political unrest, religious persecution, or threats to your safety.

                Articulate any specific instances of persecution or discrimination you have faced and how they have affected you personally.

                Providing clear and comprehensive answers during the interview helps immigration officials understand the validity of your asylum claim and ensures your case is assessed accurately.

                Section 95, Section 98, and Section 4 assists asylum seekers in securing housing and financial aid.